Herb Garden Companion Planting Ideas

Companion planting is a great way to naturally maximize space, productivity and overall crop yield in your garden. However, one of the main benefits of companion planting is that it utilizes the growth habits, natural insect attractant or repellent attributes and overall chemistry of certain plants to help each other grow and thrive. Many herbs have unique companion capabilities, making them ideal additions to vegetable gardens or flower beds.
 
Whether you're in the planning stage or just looking to fill in a few gaps in your existing garden, consider these popular companion herbs for a more harmonious, bountiful garden:

 

Basil
 
Basil can benefit the growth of petunias and also increase the flavors of tomatoes, asparagus, peppers and oregano. To increase the essential oils in your basil, plant chamomile or anise alongside it.
 
Chamomile
 
In addition to increasing the essential oils of most other nearby herbs, chamomile can help improve soil composition for wheat, onions, cabbage and cucumber plants by emitting calcium, potassium and sulfur through its roots. Chamomile also attracts hoverflies and wasps, which assist in pollination and help to prey on aphids and other pest insects. 
 
Chives
 
Chives are often planted alongside tomatoes, carrots, apple trees and roses. As the chives begin to sprout, they will repel aphids from tomatoes, mums and sunflowers. 
 
Dill
 
Dill can be a great companion to lettuce, cabbage, onions, sweet corn and cucumbers. This herb will also keep aphids, spider mites and squash bugs from taking over your garden, while also attracting hoverflies, wasps and honeybees. Keep in mind, dill should not be planted near tomatoes, as it can attract tomato horn worms.
 
Garlic
 
Adding to its heart health benefits, garlic can deter larger garden pests like rabbits and deer, as well as many small pests like tree borers, aphids, Japanese beetles, snails, carrot root flies, ants and cabbage maggots. It is especially beneficial when planted near apple, pear and peach trees, roses, cucumbers, peas, lettuce or celery.
 
Mint
 
Cuttings of mint can be beneficially used in mulching around turnips, cabbage, broccoli and mustard, and can also be effective in discouraging mice. As a live plant, spearmint and peppermint are especially useful in attracting bees and repelling black flea beetles, ants, mosquitoes, white cabbage butterflies, aphids and cabbage maggots. However, be careful when planting mints as they can spread quickly; it's best to keep it in a container, if possible.


 

The Dirt from Troy-Bilt®
May 2017